A Language of Our Own: The Genesis of Michif, the Mixed by Peter Bakker

By Peter Bakker

The Michif language -- spoken through descendants of French Canadian fur investors and Cree Indians in western Canada -- is taken into account an "impossible language" because it makes use of French for nouns and Cree for verbs, and contains various units of grammatical principles. Bakker makes use of historic examine and fieldwork information to provide the 1st precise research of this language and the way it got here into being.

Show description

Read or Download A Language of Our Own: The Genesis of Michif, the Mixed Cree-French Language of the Canadian Metis (Oxford Studies in Anthropological Linguistics, 10) PDF

Similar linguistics books

C# 2010 for Programmers (4th Edition) (Deitel Developer Series)

The pro programmer’s Deitel® consultant to C# 2010 and the strong Microsoft® . internet four Framework

<p style="margin: 0px;">Written for programmers with a heritage in C++, Java or different high-level, object-oriented languages, this publication applies the Deitel signature live-code method of educating programming and explores Microsoft’s C# 2010 language and . internet four intensive. The booklet is up to date for visible Studio® 2010 and C# four, and offers C# suggestions within the context of totally demonstrated courses, entire with syntax shading, targeted line-by-line code descriptions and application outputs. The booklet beneficial properties two hundred+ C# functions with 17,000+ traces of confirmed C# code, in addition to thousands of programming advice to help you construct powerful applications.
<p style="margin: 0px;"> 
<p style="margin: 0px;">Start with a concise advent to C# basics utilizing an early sessions and gadgets strategy, then speedily movement directly to extra complicated subject matters, together with multithreading, . web four, LINQ, WPF, ASP. internet four, WCF net prone and Silverlight®. alongside the way in which you’ll benefit from the Deitels’ vintage therapy of object-oriented programming and the OOD/UML® ATM case learn, together with a whole C# implementation. whilst you’re comprehensive, you’ll be capable of construct next-generation home windows purposes, net functions and net companies.
<p style="margin: 0px;"> 
<p style="margin: 0px;">Check out the comparable LiveLessons video product, C# 2010 basics: elements I, II and III, containing 20+ hours of video synchronized to this e-book: www. deitel. com/livelessons.
<p style="margin: 0px;"> 
<p style="margin: 0px;">Practical, example-rich insurance of:
* . internet four, varieties, Arrays, Exception Handling
* LINQ, Object/Collection Initializers
* OOP: sessions, gadgets, Inheritance,  Polymorphism, Interfaces
* WinForms, WPF, XAML, occasion Handling
* WPF GUI/Graphics/Multimedia
* Silverlight®
* Lists, Queues, Stacks, Trees
* conventional Collections, tools and Classes
* XML®, LINQ to XML
* Database, LINQ to SQL
* ASP. web four. zero, ASP. web AJAX
* net kinds, net Controls
* WCF net Services
* OOD/UML® Case learn
<p style="margin: 0px;"> 
<p style="margin: 0px;">Visit www. deitel. com
* for info on Deitel’s Dive Into® education classes provided all over the world stopover at www. deitel. com/training
* To license Deitel publication and/or LiveLessons video content material on your studying administration procedure, e mail [email protected]/* */
* obtain code examples
* stick with Deitel on Twitter® @deitel and Facebook® at www. deitel. com/deitelfan/
* To obtain updates for this ebook, join the unfastened Deitel® Buzz on-line electronic mail publication at www. deitel. com/newsletter/subscribe. html
<p style="margin: 0px;"> 

Testimonials from the 3rd and Fourth variation Reviewers

“Takes you from 0 to the top degrees of C# programming skillability. The pedagogical procedure and wealth of on-line fabric warrantly this publication a good position between its friends. the easiest presentation on inheritance, interfaces and polymorphism i've got visible in my 25+ years as a coach and advisor! beautifully transparent. ”

—Octavio Hernandez, Microsoft C# MVP, complicated Bionics

“The final, accomplished ebook that teaches you the way to software utilizing the most recent Microsoft applied sciences. very good reasons, plenty of examples, all of the invaluable theoretical heritage and the entire most modern applied sciences for computing device, net and databases. the simplest assessment of Silverlight. ”

—Kirill Osenkov, visible Studio Languages staff, Microsoft

“Illustrates the simplest practices of C# programming. ”

—Mingsheng Hong, Cornell University

“Excellent advent to the area of . web for the start C# programmer, utilizing the Deitels’ live-code process and real-world examples. ”

—Bonnie Berent, Microsoft C# MVP

“Shows the sensible software of the newest subject matters in C# improvement. a steady advent to LINQ and the . internet assortment periods; i love it greatly! indicates loads of valuable simple concepts and many of the ‘second point facts’ had to increase WinForms apps. i love how you introduce operating with databases utilizing LINQ to SQL. first-class creation to ASP. web. a great creation to generics. impressive bankruptcy on collections; the dialogue of the hot co- and contra-variance features is by means of necessity brief, yet really nice. ”

—Octavio Hernandez, Microsoft C# MVP, complex Bionics

“The code examples offer an excellent commence on C# programming. an exceptional activity explaining the thoughts of sessions and items in undeniable English. The arrays bankruptcy is definitely performed. a pleasant creation to LINQ and Collections. The code examples within the bankruptcy on polymorphism and interfaces are first-class. vital exception-related issues are defined with solid examples. ”

—Zijiang (James) Yang, Western Michigan University

“Teaches how you can ‘program within the large,’ with fabric on object-oriented programming and software program engineering ideas. ”

—Mingsheng Hong, Cornell University

“An very good, precise objects-first e-book. first-class creation to facts buildings and collections. The generics fabric is a true asset. ”

—Gavin Osborne, Saskatchewan Institute of utilized technology and Technology

“Great bankruptcy on polymorphism. ”

—Eric Lippert, Microsoft

“Excellent bankruptcy on exceptions. excellent bankruptcy on Winforms GUIs. ”

—Marcelo Guerra Hahn, Microsoft

“Updated contents conceal an important additions to the language whereas conserving the Deitels’ recognized high quality. The early creation to periods and gadgets is superb. I specially just like the rationalization of homes, and the dialogue of price kinds vs. reference forms. [Classes and items: A Deeper glance] does a truly reliable task offering reliable practices for gaining access to deepest info and reusing code. The [Data buildings] bankruptcy is especially good written. assurance of ASP. internet is outstanding. ”

—José Antonio González Seco, Parliament of Andalusia, Spain

“Perfect for pros. Thorough introductions to the debugger and LINQ. ”

—Vinay Ahuja, Architect, Microsoft Corporation

“The TV/Video Viewer will enthuse readers and aid them see how images results could be created simply in WPF. ”

—Ged Mead, Microsoft MVP, DevCity. Net

“An very good creation to XML, LINQ to XML and similar applied sciences. ”—Helena Kotas, Microsoft

“Good evaluate of relational databases. It hits at the correct LINQ to SQL idioms. ”

—Alex Turner, Microsoft

“Great evaluate of manufacturing and eating net companies with WCF. ”

—Dan Crevier, Microsoft

[Chapter 24: GUI with home windows Presentation beginning] “This bankruptcy is especially good written. I particularly loved your assurance of GUI customization and knowledge bindings, that is very transparent. ”

—José Antonio González Seco, Parliament of Andalusia, Spain

[Chapter 24: GUI with home windows Presentation starting place] “Excellent bankruptcy! every thing is laid out correct in order that each required little bit of wisdom is already there whilst wanted. ”

—Octavio Hernandez, Microsoft C# MVP, complex Bionics

[Chapter 25: WPF snap shots and Multimedia] “An already very good bankruptcy that bought even larger! This bankruptcy completely enhances the former one, and provides nice exa. ..
About the Author
Paul Deitel and Harvey Deitel are the founders of Deitel & affiliates, Inc. , the the world over well-known programming languages authoring and corporate-training association. hundreds of thousands of individuals world wide have used Deitel books and LiveLessons movies to grasp C#, C++, Java™, C, iPhone app improvement, web and internet programming, JavaScript, XML, visible Basic®, visible C++®, Perl, Python and extra.

Creativity and Artificial Intelligence: A Conceptual Blending Approach (Applications of Cognitive Linguistics)

With CD-ROM. Creativity and synthetic Intelligence: A Conceptual mixing process takes readers right into a computationally believable version of creativity. encouraged by way of an intensive research of labor on creativity from the parts of philosophy, psychology, cognitive technological know-how, cognitive linguistics and synthetic intelligence, the writer offers with many of the tactics, ideas and representations that lie beneath the act of creativity.

Réussir le thème en anglais

Traduire un texte du français à l'anglais est un exercice difficile : il ne s'agit surtout pas de traduire mot à mot, mais de rester fidèle à l'idée véhiculée par l. a. word. Cet ouvrage réunit différents varieties d'exercices de thème et leur corrigé. los angeles première partie suggest des words simples, regroupées par issues grammaticaux et accompagnées d'explications claires, afin de se familiariser avec le travail de traduction.

Extra resources for A Language of Our Own: The Genesis of Michif, the Mixed Cree-French Language of the Canadian Metis (Oxford Studies in Anthropological Linguistics, 10)

Example text

The Cree part is almost identical with Plains Cree, and the French part is almost identical with the Metis French dialect, which is a derivative of eastern Canadian French dialects. Although in Chapter Four we see that this sketch is not accurate in all details, in the meantime it does give an impression of the Michif language. The Place of Michif in the Study of Language Contact Michif is obviously a result of language contact, in particular Cree and French. The study of language contact is a subdiscipline of linguistics that is receiving more and more attention.

A very few words have French stems and Cree affixes. Cree and French lost very little of their complexity in Michif. Michif has two phonological systems, one for the Cree part and one for the French part, each with its own rules. The Cree part is almost identical with Plains Cree, and the French part is almost identical with the Metis French dialect, which is a derivative of eastern Canadian French dialects. Although in Chapter Four we see that this sketch is not accurate in all details, in the meantime it does give an impression of the Michif language.

In this section I speak of bilingualism, although people may know more than two languages. What is said here is probably valid for multilingualism, too. So, for reasons of simplicity, I take two languages as a point of departure. A pidgin is a language that may develop between groups who do not know each other's language but who want to communicate, for instance, in trade or labor relations. Only a limited set of words is used, and the grammatical structure is simplified and not fixed. Pidgins have to be learned as such.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.63 of 5 – based on 42 votes