A grammar sketch and lexicon of Arawak (Lokono Dian) by Pet, Willem J. A.

By Pet, Willem J. A.

Arawak (Lokono Dian), an Amerindian language within the Arawakan language kin, is comparatively undescribed. the aim of this research is to offer a basic, bottom-up cartoon of Arawak. It starts off with reviews at the phonology, then discusses morphology and syntax, and ends with reviews approximately discourse.

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Additional resources for A grammar sketch and lexicon of Arawak (Lokono Dian)

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Verbs consisting of a single syllable derive this form by adding -noa. Verbs having two or more syllables in their stem may either replace the vowel of the final syllable with -oa or add -noa. 33 Oa-stems can be derived only from transitive verbs, and function in Arawak both as passives and as reflexives (or middles). (46) a. Ly-farynoa-bo. ’ b. Ly-fatadoa-bo. ’ c. Tho-bokonoa-bo. ’ d. Da-sokoa. g. 34 This is very much like the English passive. For Arawak, however, the NP which would be in subject position if the clause had a basicstem form verb is completely outside the picture, and cannot be brought back in except in a very indirect fashion.

2 Event Verb Classes Event verbs can be divided into two major subclasses: transitive verbs and intransitive verbs. 37 Thus, andyn ‘to arrive’ is an intransitive verb, while kanabyn ‘to hear’ is transitive. e. they can have a direct and an indirect object). The indirect object of such a verb is optional in surface structure. If it is expressed, it is in the form of a benefactive postpositional phrase with the postposition myn. (53) a. Da-siki-fa no. ’ b. Da-siki-fa no ly-myn. 3 for a discussion of event verb suffixes.

4 Modality (Class +4) The fourth order class after the stem consists of three suffixes which have to do with desire, potentiality or ability, and necessity: (61) -ma -thi -li ‘HABIL’ ‘DESID’ ‘NESS’ habilitative desiderative necessitative The suffix -ma ‘habilitative’ is used to express potentiality in the sense of either ability or permission. Thus, (62) Tho-khota-ma no. ’ is similar to its English gloss and can mean either ‘she is able to eat it’ or ‘she is allowed to eat it’. In contexts where the distinction between the two is important and only the ‘ability’ interpretation is desired, the verb wadilin ‘to be able to’ is used.

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