By Francisca De Haan, Krasimira Daskalova, Anna Loutfi
This bographical dictionary describes the lives, works and aspirations of greater than one hundred fifty men and women who have been lively in, or a part of, women's hobbies and feminisms in crucial, japanese and South japanese Europe. hence, it demanding situations the commonly held trust that there has been no historic feminism during this a part of Europe. those leading edge and sometimes relocating biographical photographs not just convey that feminists existed right here, but additionally that they have been frequent and numerous, and incorporated Romanian princesses, Serbian philosophers and peasants, Latvian and Slovakian novelists, Albanian academics, Hungarian Christian social staff and activists of the Catholic women's flow, Austrian manufacturing unit staff, Bulgarian feminist scientists and socialist feminists, Russian radicals, philanthropists, militant suffragists and Bolshevik activists, trendy writers and philosophers of the Ottoman period, in addition to Turkish republican leftist political activists and nationalists, the world over famous Greek feminist leaders, Estonian pharmacologists and technological know-how historians, Slovenian 'literary feminists,' Czech avant-garde painters, Ukrainian feminist students, Polish and Czech Senate contributors, and plenty of extra. Their tales jointly represent a wealthy tapestry of feminist job and redress a major imbalance within the historiography of women's events and feminisms. "A Biographical Dictionary of Women's hobbies and Feminisms: relevant, jap, and South japanese Europe, nineteenth and twentieth Centuries" is key analyzing for college students of eu women's and gender historical past, comparative historical past and social pursuits.
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Extra resources for A Biographical Dictionary of Women's Movements and Feminisms: Central, Eastern and South Eastern Europe, 19th and 20th Centuries
In the year that the Vysshie Zhenskie Politekhnicheskie kursy opened (1906), she was granted permission to open an evening school for workers in the Narva Gate section of St Petersburg. Despite government harassment, closings and arrests of students, the school survived for ten years. Never once imprisoned for her activities, Arian maintained ties with those who had been incarcerated for their opposition to the tsarist regime. From 1907–1917, she was an active member of the support group for prisoners in the notorious Schlusselburg Fortress.
As a young woman, she was awarded the title of Dame of the Star-Cross Order to the imperial court in Vienna. In 1897, she married the politician Count Albert Apponyi (1846– 1933), who was more than twenty years her senior and then (later even more so) a leading figure among those nationalist–liberal elements of the Hungarian political elite who sought greater autonomy from Austria. “Hardly … more divergent milieus” and political backgrounds “could be imagined” than those of the newly married couple.
The Latvian writer and politician Ivande Kaija (1876– 1941), whose name (meaning ‘Seagull’ in Latvian) she chose for herself, is a case in 11 point. These examples draw attention not only to the patriarchal practice of denying women their own names and the historical dilemmas of reproducing those practices, but also to the alternative naming practices that women devised for themselves. The names that appear italized and in bold refer to the names of subjects included in this Biographical Dictionary, in order to highlight the connections between some of the subjects.